(1. Institute of Plateau Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Chengdu 610072; 2. Hubei Key Laboratory for Heavy Rain
Monitoring and Warning Research, Institute of Heavy Rain, China Meteorological Administration, Wuhan 430074;
3. Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029)
A comparison of atmospheric profiles between COSMIC radio occultation and radiosonde observations is performed to explore their discrepancies in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). The results show that, (1) the atmospheric profiles of COSMIC have a satisfactory correlation with radiosondes. Compared to radiosondes, the COSMIC temperature, pressure and vapor pressure have a bias of -0.2 ℃, 1.7 hPa and 0 hPa, respectively, with a corresponding root-mean-square error (RMSE) of 1.8 ℃, 1.6 hPa and 0.4 hPa. The discrepancies are larger in lower troposphere and decrease with altitude. (2) The precipitable water (PW) calculated from the wet atmospheric profiles of COSMIC also has a reasonable correlation with radiosondes. However, the COSMIC PW is smaller than that of radiosondes, with a bias of -5.0 mm and a RMSE of 5.7 mm. The discrepancy between them is obvious in lower troposphere. (3) The instability of radiosonde sounding in near surface layer and the limited ability of model used in the COSMIC retrieving method in the QTP are mainly responsible for the discrepancy of atmospheric profile in lower troposphere, and the underestimated COSMIC PW is due to the underestimated COSMIC refractivity.